Famous United States Deputy Marshals
34 of the famous U.S. deputy marshals that worked in Indian Territory. The area was presided over by Judge Isaac C. Parker. In 1875 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed the thirty-seven-year-old Parker as judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas. Based at Fort Smith, Arkansas, the court had jurisdiction over eleven western Arkansas counties and Indian Territory. Parker's forceful efforts to ensure swift justice included three mass hangings in two years, drawing national attention and giving him notoriety as "the Hanging Judge." In twenty-one years he handed down 161 mandatory death sentences, of which seventy-nine were carried out.